Useful Procedures and Notation:
#\a(lowercase a) ...
#\A(uppercase A) ...
If you have not done so already, you may want to skim the reading on characters and the reading on strings.
a. Determine the ASCII collating-sequence numbers for the capital letter A and for the lower-case letter a.
b. Find out what ASCII character is in position 38 in the collating sequence.
c. Do the digit characters precede or follow the capital letters in the ASCII collating sequence?
d. If you were designing a character set, where in the collating sequence would you place the space character? Why?
e. What position does the space character occupy in ASCII?
In ASCII, the collating-sequence numbers of the control characters are 0
through 31 and 127. Define a predicate
#t if its argument is a control character,
a. Is the symbol
hyperbola a string?
b. Is the character
#\A a string?
c. Does the empty string count as a string?
Suggest three ways of constructing the string
??? -- one
using a call to
make-string, one a call to
string, and one a call to
Here are two opposing views about the relationship between
No matter what string
stris, provided that it's not the empty string,
(string-ref str (string-length str))will return the last character in the string.
No matter what string
(string-ref str (string-length str))is an error.
Which, if either, of these views is correct? Why?
Write a procedure,
(heading level text)
that generates a string that contains HTML heading of the appropriate
level. For example,
> (heading 2 "Exercise 6") "<h2>Exercise 6</h2>" > (heading 4 "History") "<h4>History</h4>"
You may find it useful to use the procedure
a. Write a procedure,
(markup tag text) that
surrounds text with the given tag. For example.
> (markup "p" "Hi There") "<p>Hi There</p>" > (markup "strong" "Wicked Neat!") "<strong>Wicked Neat!</strong>"
string-append, and any other
procedures you deem appropriate to generate the following HTML:
<p> Sam says <q>Scheme is <strong>Wicked Neat!</strong></q> </p>
Note that you may want to use the character
c. What are the advantages of using
markup rather than marking
your code directly?
markup to implement the following procedures, each of
which takes one argument (some text) and generates HTML for appropriately
a. Using the previous procedures, write a procedure,
of no arguments
that builds a simple HTML page of your choice. Your procedure will
(define page (lambda () instructions-for-building-the-page)))
You can call the procedure with
b. Why might you use Scheme rather than a text editor to build a Web page?
Tuesday, 3 October 2000 [Samuel A. Rebelsky]
Wednesday, 7 February 2001 [Samuel A. Rebelsky]
Sunday, 18 February 2001 [Samuel A. Rebelsky]
markupbased on experience using it.
Monday, 16 September 2002 [Samuel A. Rebelsky]
I usually create these pages
on the fly, which means that I rarely
proofread them and they may contain bad grammar and incorrect details.
It also means that I tend to update them regularly (see the history for
more details). Feel free to contact me with any suggestions for changes.
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